Hood, Thomas

   Poet and comic writer, s. of a bookseller in London, where he was b., was put into a mercantile office, but the confinement proving adverse to his health, he was sent to Dundee, where the family had connections, and where he obtained some literary employment. His health being restored, he returned to London, and entered the employment of an uncle as an engraver. Here he acquired an acquaintance with drawing, which he afterwards turned to account in illustrating his comic writings. After working for a short time on his own account he became, at the age of 22, sub-editor of the London Magazine, and made the acquaintance of many literary men, including De Quincey, Lamb, and Hazlitt. His first separate publication, Odes and Addresses to Great People, appeared in 1825, and had an immediate success. Thus encouraged he produced in the next year Whims and Oddities, and in 1829, he commenced The Comic Annual, which he continued for 9 years, and wrote in The Gem his striking poem, Eugene Aram. Meanwhile he had m. in 1824, a step which, though productive of the main happiness and comfort of his future life, could not be considered altogether prudent, as his health had begun to give way, and he had no means of support but his pen. Soon afterwards the failure of his publisher involved him in difficulties which, combined with his delicate health, made the remainder of his life a continual struggle. The years between 1834 and 1839 were the period of most acute difficulty, and for a part of this time he was obliged to live abroad. In 1840 friends came to his assistance, and he was able to return to England. His health was, however, quite broken down, but his industry never flagged. During the five years which remained to him he acted as ed. first of the New Monthly Magazine, and then of Hood's Monthly Magazine. In his last year a Government pension of £100 was granted to his wife. Among his other writings may be mentioned Tylney Hall, a novel which had little success, and Up the Rhine, in which he satirised the English tourist. Considering the circumstances of pressure under which he wrote, it is little wonder that much of his work was ephemeral and beneath his powers, but in his particular line of humour he is unique, while his serious poems are instinct with imagination and true pathos. A few of them, such as The Song of the Shirt, and The Bridge of Sighs are perfect in their kind.
   Life by his s. and dau. Ed. of Works by same (7 vols. 1862). Selections, with Biography, by Ainger, 1897.

Short biographical dictionary of English literature . . 2011.

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  • Hood,Thomas — Hood, Thomas. 1799 1845. British poet and editor who wrote comic and topical verse, including “The Dream of Eugene Aram” (1829) and “The Song of the Shirt” (1843). * * * …   Universalium

  • Hood, Thomas — ▪ British poet born May 23, 1799, London died May 3, 1845, London  English poet, journalist, and humorist whose humanitarian verses, such as “The Song of the Shirt” (1843), served as models for a whole school of social protest poets, not only in… …   Universalium

  • HOOD, THOMAS —    poet and humourist, born in London; gave up business and engraving, to which he first applied himself, for letters, and commencing as a journalist, immortalised himself by the Song of the Shirt and his Dream of Eugene Aram ; edited the Comic… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Hood, Thomas The Elder and Younger — (1799 1874)    • Thomas, the father, 1799 1845    Born in London, the son of a bookseller, he spent the years 1815 1818 with his father s relatives in Dundee, Scotland, recuperating from what could have been rheumatic fever. Being apprenticed to… …   British and Irish poets

  • Thomas Hood — (23 May 1799 ndash; 3 May 1845) was a British humorist and poet. His son, Tom Hood, became a well known playwright and editor.BiographyHe was born in London to Thomas Hood and Elizabeth Sands in the Poultry (Cheapside) above his father s bookshop …   Wikipedia

  • Thomas Hood — (23 de mayo, de 1799 3 de mayo, de 1845) fue un humorista y poeta inglés. Vida Hijo de Thomas Hood, un librero de origen escocés, nació en Lo …   Wikipedia Español

  • Thomas Hood — (* 23. Mai 1799 in London; † 3. Mai 1845 in London) war ein englischer Schriftsteller und Humorist. Thomas Hood war kurze Zeit Kaufmann, dann Kupferstecher, seit 1821 ausschließlich Schriftsteller. Nachdem er früh schon …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Thomas Carlyle — Thomas Carlyle, Stahlstich, 1902 Thomas Carlyle (* 4. Dezember 1795 in Ecclefechan, Dumfries and Galloway; † 5. Februar 1881 in London) war ein schottischer Essayist und Historiker, der im viktorianischen Großbritannien sehr einflussrei …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hood [2] — Hood, Thomas, geb. 1798, gest. 1845, engl. Humorist, dessen Satire seine vornehmen Landsleute nicht schonte; am bekanntesten durch das »Lied vom neuen Hemde«, in welchem er das Elend der engl. Nähmädchen schilderte. »Gedichte«, 4. Aufl. London… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Thomas Hood — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Hood. Thomas Hood Thomas Hood, poète anglais, (23  …   Wikipédia en Français

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